GENDER DIFFERENCES IN THE NATURE OF NUTRITION IN PATIENTS OF WORKING AGE WITH OBESITY AND ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION
Keywords:arterial hypertension, abdominal obesity, the nature of nutrition, gender differences
The aim: to study the gender differences in the nature of nutrition in patients of working age with abdominal obesity (AO) and arterial hypertension (AH) (residents of Ukraine).
Materials and methods. We examined 84 patients with I-II degrees AO and with 2-3 degrees II AH (44 men and 40 women) at the age of 40-59 years (residents of Ukraine). The dietary habits of the patients were studied by analyzing the "daily dietary diary" questionnaires. Statistical data processing was carried out using the SPSS 19.0. computer program for Windows XP.
Results: In patients of working age with AO and AH-both men and women (residents of Ukraine), significant violations of the norms of healthy nutrition were revealed: an excess of the total energy value of the daily diet, a violation of the physiological daily distribution of food by its calorie content, an increase in the consumption of fat and carbohydrates, saturated fatty acids, trans-unsaturated fatty acids, monosaccharides, salt and alcohol against the background of a significant decrease in dietary fiber intake. It was found that the daily diet of men significantly differed from that of women in higher energy value, higher fat content, including saturated fatty acids, and lower dietary fiber content. Men also more frequently "added salt" and consumed alcohol than women.
Conclusions: Significant gender differences in the nutritional pattern of patients of working age with AO and AH have been established, which must be taken into account when correcting the diet in this category of patients.
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