NUTRITIONAL FEATURES OF MEN WITH ABDOMINAL OBESITY AND ARTERIAL HYPERTENSION
Keywords:arterial hypertension, abdominal obesity, nutritional habits
The aim: to study the nutritional characteristics of men (residents of Ukraine) with arterial hypertension (AH) and abdominal obesity (AO) based on the their questioning. Materials and methods. We examined 65 men (residents of Ukraine) patients with stage II AH aged 38 to 60 years (36 patients with AO and 29 with normal body weight (NBW). The dietary habits of the patients were studied by analyzing the daily dietary diary questionnaires, which was filled in by the patient for 4 days. The data obtained were analyzed using the SPSS 19.0. computer program for Windows XP. Results: The nutritional habits of men (residents of Ukraine) with AH and AO significantly differed from that in men with AH and NBW by higher energy value of the daily diet, food consumption of carbohydrates (primarily monosaccharides), fats, saturated fatty acids, trans-unsaturated fatty acids and alcohol. Most of the patients in both groups «added salt to food» before eating it. In both groups of patients, insufficient intake of dietary fiber was revealed. However, the patients did not differ in the level of consumption of these nutritional components. Conclusions: The nutritional habits of men (residents of Ukraine) patients with AH, both with AO and with NBW, did not meet the norms of a healthy diet. At the same time, the daily diet of AH patients with AO, in contrast to patients with NBW, was characterized by a significantly higher energy value, a higher intake of carbohydrates, fats, saturated fatty acids, trans-unsaturated fatty acids and alcohol. The nutritional characteristics revealed in the work were probably the most conducive to the development of obesity in men with AH and an increase in cardiovascular risk.
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