Correlation between the bone density of the maxillary sinus and body mass index in women during the menopause

Authors

  • Gargin V. V. Kharkiv National Medical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Alekseeva V. V. Kharkiv National Medical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Lupyr A. V. Kharkiv National Medical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Urevich N. O. Kharkiv National Medical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Nazaryan R. S. Kharkiv National Medical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Cheverda V. M. Kharkiv National Medical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21856/j-PEP.2019.2.03

Keywords:

maxillary sinus, CT, menopause, bone density

Abstract

The most important disorders during menopause related to hormonal disbalance: increased levels of go­nadotropic hormones of the pituitary gland and a decreased level of estrogens, that affects on target organs, such as bone tissue.

The aim of our work was to determine effects of body weight index on the bone density of the maxillary si­nus’s walls in women during menopause.

Materials and methods: We’ve examined results of 30 women’s computed tomograms and counted their body mass indexes: 10 of them were 50 years old persons with body mass indexes 18.5–24.99 kg/m2. 10 — 50 years old women’s tomograms with body mass indexes 25–30 kg/m2 For the control group we used 10 CT of 20–30 pa­tients without ENT-disease.

Results. An average bone density of the anterior, posterior, middle and lateral maxillary sinus’s walls was counted. Also we’ve searched an average of first cervical vertebrae bone density to compare changes of the differ­ent bones. First group’s bone density was in anterior wall 160.1 ± 23.36 Hu. The posterior — 144.8 ± 23.76 Hu, the middle — 79.4 ± 23.63 Hu, the lateral wall — 144.8 ± 23.76 Hu. Bone density of the first cervical vertebrae was 141.4 ± 23.1 Hu

Bone density of the second group was 169.4 ± 28.01 Hu, 175.7 ± 30.83 Hu, 77.7 ± 24.87 Hu 130.5 ± 32.77 Hu and 137.5 ± 39.99 Hu according to the order that was given above. Bone density of the control group was 178.8 ± 22.56 Hu, 168.3 ± 28.83 Hu, 84.3 ± 19.9 Hu, 142.5 ± 23 Hu and 191.8 ± 29.27 Hu. So, the highest bone density was marked in the first group.

Also we’ve marked that the highest bone density was in posterior wall. The highest bone density in control group was in anterior wall.Conclusions: Age significant bone density decreasion of the maxillary sinus aggravated during menopause. In women with increased body mass index (stage of pre-obesity), these changes are less significant. The sever­ity of changes in the bone tissue of the maxillary sinus is lower than in spongy bone tissue of the first cervical vertebra.

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Published

2021-06-30

How to Cite

Гаргін, В. В., Алєксєєва, В. В., Лупир, А. В., Юревич, Н. О., Назарян, Р. С., & Чеверда, В. М. (2021). Correlation between the bone density of the maxillary sinus and body mass index in women during the menopause. Problems of Endocrine Pathology, 68(2), 20-26. https://doi.org/10.21856/j-PEP.2019.2.03

Issue

Section

CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY

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