MAGNESIUM DEFICIENCY AT ENDOCRINE PATHOLOGY AND WAYS OF ITS CORRECTION

Authors

  • Tykhonova T. M. V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Smilka Y. M. Dolphi-Ukraine LLC

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.21856/j-PEP.2020.2.18

Keywords:

magnesium deficiency, endocrine pathology, Magne B6

Abstract

Among the main elements contained in the human body, magnesium is recognized as one of the most important. This is confirmed by the uneven distribution of this element with preferential deposition in tissues with
high metabolic activity, the participation of magnesium in energy processes, in the synthesis and degradation
of a number of neurotransmitters, as well as in the regulation of neurochemical transmission and muscle excitability. Being a calcium antagonist, magnesium also has cardio- and vasoprotective effects. Magnesium deficiency is manifested by a wide range of symptoms indicating multi-organ disorders of the whole organism. On
the one hand, according to the role of magnesium in the production of a number of hormones during hypomagnesemia insulin synthesis disorders, insulin resistance, depletion of adrenal cortex function, increased release
of catecholamines, and hyperthyroidism are revealed. On the other hand, endocrine diseases such as diabetes
mellitus, hyperthyroidism, hyperparathyroidism, primary hyperaldosteronism and obesity lead to magnesium
deficiency. In type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus magnesium deficiency contributes to the development of arterial hypertension, acute coronary events with the occurrence of fatal arrhythmias and an increased risk of
thrombosis. Magnesium-deficient conditions in obesity are detected in most patients, and surgical treatment of
obesity leads to a significant deficiency of magnesium in 100% of cases. In toxic goiter latent or apparent deficiency of magnesium in the body is manifested in 100% of cases too. With the development of hypothyroidism
the occurrence of magnesium-deficient conditions is due to reduced absorption of magnesium through the swollen mucosa of the digestive tract. In addition, with a deficiency of thyroid hormones magnesium does not enter
into enzymatic reactions. Timely and adequate correction of magnesium imbalance in patients with endocrine
pathology is very important. An example of a tool that can restore the level of magnesium in the body and level
the manifestations of hypomagnesemia is a dietary supplement Magne B6 TM BBpharm

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Published

2020-05-20

How to Cite

Tykhonova, T. M., & Smilka, Y. M. (2020). MAGNESIUM DEFICIENCY AT ENDOCRINE PATHOLOGY AND WAYS OF ITS CORRECTION. Problems of Endocrine Pathology, 72(2), 149 - 154. https://doi.org/10.21856/j-PEP.2020.2.18

Issue

Section

TO PRACTICING ENDOCRINOLOGISTS

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