NUTRITIONAL PRACTICES AS AN OBESOGENIC PREDICTOR IN SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN FROM E ASTERN AND WESTERN REGIONS OF UKRAINE
Keywords:school-age, children, nutritional practices, educational programs
Background. Eating behaviour of children is a background of nutrition practices in later life and could be a fine risk factor for the development of chronic diseases in adults if impaired. Purpose. The purpose of the study was to investigate the routine nutritional practices of Ukrainian schoolage children from different places of residence. Material and methods. This study is a part of the research work of KhNMU «Develop evidence-based method of nutrition assessment, identify nutrition problems of school-age children in Ukraine and implement educational programs for the prevention of non-communicable diseases associated with nutritional problems». 1125 people took part in the survey, including 886 school-age children (72.0% residents of eastern and 28% residents of western regions, p < 0.001) and 239 adults (47.28% residents of eastern and 52.72% residents of western regions, p > 0.005). Children were divided into three age groups: high school students (15–17 years, n = 184), middle school students (10–14 years, n = 416) and primary school students (6–9 years, n = 286). Results. It has been found that the number of Ukrainian children and adults who have regular breakfast is lower than those having regular lunch and dinner. Adults from the western regions are tend to skip breakfast, while residents from the east tend to skip dinner. 65% of children spend their pocket money on sweets during the day, and the number of such children increases with age — from roughly 45% in primary school to almost 70% in high school students. Interestingly, that just around quarter of respondents purchase lunche in canteen, whereas others are taking sandwiches, backery or seasonal fruits. Conclusions. Nutritional practices of school-age children could be fine populational obesogenic predictors. Educational programs for school-age children and their parents should be started in the primary school and be focused on encouraging regular breakfasts and the adequate organization of snacks. Our data can be used in the creation of national and regional social education programs.
Lake AA, Mathers JC, Rugg-Gunn AJ, Adamson AJ. J Public Health (Bangkok) 2006; 28(1):10-16.
Scaglioni S, De Cosmi V, Ciappolino V, et al. Nutrients 2018; 10(6): 706. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu10060706.
van Ansem WJC, Schrijvers CTM, Rodenburg G, van de Mheen D. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act 2014; 11: 113. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-014-0113-0.
Powell LM, Szczypka G, Chaloupka FJ. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med 2010; 164: 794-802.
Kelly B, et al. Am J Public Health 2010; 100(9): 1730-1736. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2009.179267.
Whalen R, Harrold J, Child S, et al. Health Promot Int 2019; 34(2): 227-235. https://doi.org/10.1093/heapro/dax044.
Clark HR, Goyder E, Bissell P, et al. J Public Health (Bangkok) 2007; 29: 132-141.
Larson NI, Neumark-Sztainer D, Hannan PJ, Story M. J Am Diet Assoc 2007; 107: 1502-1510.
Metcalfe JJ, Fiese BH. Appetite 2018; 126: 195-200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.appet.2018.03.021.
Totland TH, et al. Public Health Nutr 2013; 16(4): 673-682.
Leal DB, et al. Nutrients 2017; 9(10): 1098. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9101098.
Bull CJ, Northstone K. Public Health Nutr 2016; 19(18): 3369-3377.
Demory-Luce D, Morales M, Nicklas T, et al. J Am Diet Assoc 2004; 104(11): 1684-1691.
Mayén AL, Marques-Vidal P, Paccaud F, et al. Am J Clin Nutr 2014; 100(6): 1520-1531. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.114.089029.
Abdullah NF, Teo PS, Foo LH. Nutrients 2016; 8(9): 551. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu8090551.
Skala K, Chuang RJ, Evans A, et al. J Immigr Minor Heal 2012; 14(6): 1014-1022. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-012-9575-9.
Gillies C, et al. BMC Public Health 2020; 20(1): 11. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-019-8120-3.
Fink SK, Racine EF, Mueffelmann RE, et al. J Nutr Educ Behav 2014; 46(5): 418-422.
Jaworowska A, Blackham T, Davies IG, Stevenson L. Nutr Rev 2013; 71(5): 310-318.
Suglia SF, Shelton RC, Hsiao A, et al. J Urban Health 2016; 93(1): 206-212.
Levitsky DA, Pacanowski CR. Physiol Behav 2013; 119: 9-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2013.05.006.
Deshmukh-Taskar PR, Nicklas TA, O’Neil CE, et al. J Am Diet Assoc 2010; 110: 869-878. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2010.03.023.
Timlin MT, Pereira MA, Story M, Neumark-Sztainer D.Pediatrics 2008; 121(3): e638-645. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2007-1035.
Van Lippevelde W, et al. PLoS One 2013; 8(11): e79550. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0079550.
Lakshman R, et al. Syst Rev 2013; 2: 28. https://doi.org/10.1186/2046-4053-2-28.
Zeballos E, Todd JE. Public Health Nutr 2020; 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980020000683.
Hoffmann K, Bryl W, Marcinkowski JT, et al. Ann Agric Environ Med 2012; 19(1): 103-107.
Levin KA. Public Health Nutr 2014; 17(8): 1776-1785. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980013002127.
Sandjaja S, et al. Br J Nutr 2013; 110(3): S11-S20. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114513002109.
Nurwanti E, et al. Nutrients 2019; 11(11): 2813. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu11112813.
Kant AK, Graubard BI. Am J Clin Nutr 2015; 102(3):661-670. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.115.110262.
Deshmukh-Taskar PR, et al. Public Health Nutr 2009; 12(12): 2493-2503.
Wang D, et al. J Nutr 2017; 147(4): 628-635. https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.116.243733