Retraction policy

The editors consider the retraction of the article as a mechanism to prevent misleading the readers of the scientific article, which can lead to negative consequences from the use of published results or the impossibility of their reproduction due to accidental or intentional errors, falsification of data or their fabrications (falsification of experimental data); biased display of authorship preventing conflicts of interest or research misconduct discovered after publication.

The decision to withdraw a published article is applied on a case-by-case basis, and does not depend on whether such a consequence is a deliberate position of the author or an honest error. The facts of violation of ethical norms are considered by the editorial board, regardless of the age of the publication.

According to the official policy of the Committee on Publication Ethics - COPE, when considering the issue of the feasibility of retracting an article, the editorial board uses the following:

The main purpose of a retraction is to correct the literature and ensure its integrity, not to punish the author(s).

Retractions may be used to alert readers to instances of redundant publication, plagiarism, peer review manipulation, unauthorized reuse of material or data, copyright infringement, or otherwise.

Rationale for withdrawal the article:

  • detection of academic plagiarism (illegal borrowings) in the publication;
  • detection of self-plagiarism in a publication (publication of scientific research results that have previously been published elsewhere without proper attribution to previous sources or disclosure to the editor permission to republish, or justification, ie, cases of redundant publication);
  • detection of duplication of an article in several publications or simultaneous submission of the same article in several different journals;
  • the presence of clear evidence that there are serious errors in the work, distortion or falsification of facts, deliberate drawing of conclusions that cannot be relied upon;
  • the presence of clear evidence that the article includes research results or accompanying materials (illustrations, tables, appendices, etc.) for which the author(s) of the article do not have the copyright and do not have the appropriate permission from the copyright holders;
  • hidden conflict of interests;
  • other violations of the publication's ethical principles.

Reasons for initiating the article retraction process may be:

  • the author's request to withdraw the published article;
  • referral of third parties with evidence of violations of scientific and legal ethics by the author of the published article;
  • discovery by the editorial board of the journal of facts of violation of scientific and legal ethics by the authors of the published article.

Retraction mechanism and algorithm